Consideraciones prácticas. Diálogos y opciones.


Una mujer llega a casa, abre la puerta y nada más entrar le pregunta a su marido:

-¿Has bañado al niño?
-Sí.

Se terminó el diálogo. El marido responde a la pregunta afirmativamente y ya no hay más que hablar.

Hay muchos sospechosos habituales en los diálogos. El más sospechoso es el diálogo que trata de parecer muy realista. Pero si tratan de transcribir una conversación real verán que se convierte en un diálogo largo, aburrido, incoherente, poco dramático y, sobre todo, poco significativo.
En el otro extremo está el diálogo que trata de ser tan significativo que no resulta creíble. El diálogo consiste en dos oradores alternando monólogos. O un orador filosofando y otro haciendo las preguntas precisas. Una de dos.
Se trata de encontrar un equilibrio entre el realismo y el significado.

dialogo

Otras veces el diálogo afloja y se hunde por el centro. Se pincha como una rueda. Las líneas de cada personaje no se relacionan entre sí. No accionan y reaccionan. Casi siempre sucede porque la mujer pregunta por el baño del niño y el marido responde que sí. Porque hay demasiadas “opciones planas”.

La mujer podrá intentar una segunda frase, pero la respuesta del marido volverá a responder directa y afirmativamente. Si mantienes esta dinámica de opciones planas, el diálogo terminará cayéndose. Si es que no se ha caído ya.

-¿Has bañado al niño?
-No.

Aquí respondemos a la pregunta directa, pero negativamente. Parece claro que la “opción negativa” funciona mejor que la opción plana, y si necesitamos un personaje con pocas ganas de hablar y muchas de tocar las narices, vamos bien. Pero da pocas opciones al escritor. Todo conduce a que la mujer digá algo tipo:
-¿Y se puede saber por qué?

La siguiente opción también es negativa, pero no responde directamente la pregunta.

-¿Has bañado al niño?
-No es hijo mío.

No responder directamente ayuda a construir frases más significativas sin perder realismo. En lugar de contestar sencillamente “no”, estamos dando información sobre la relación de pareja y sobre el niño. También ayuda a que el diálogo avance con más eficiencia porque lo abre (“opción abierta”), nos da más opciones que “¿Se pude saber por qué?”:

-¿Has bañado al niño?
-No es hijo mío.
-Tampoco esta casa es tuya.

No todas las opciones buenas son negativas. La “opción positiva”, es igual que la “abierta”, pero al revés; respondemos afirmativa pero no directamente:

-¿Has bañado al niño?
-Qué va. Me ha vuelto a bañar él a mí.

Quedan un par de opciones un poco suicidas pero muy interesantes. A ver si se me ocurren un par de ejemplos para el próximo día.

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